We know that our behavior is our mirror. Which shows what kind of people we are on the inside. The 7 habits of highly effective people pdf – Book Summary.
After studying the literature of the last 200 years related to the concept of Success, and meeting more than 3000 successful people, author Stephen Covey came to know a very interesting thing. He learned from his study that most of the self-improvement-related books that have been written in the last 50 years have only taught how to improve one’s personality.
For example, how our public image should be, how we talk to people, how to make more money, how to earn money and mainly some tricks that are mainly to impress us. These things are also important. However, the author in his book “7 Habits of Highly Effective People” pdf has not focused on personality, but on character development. The author called it the Inside Out Approach.
All the books that were written 50 years ago up to the last 150 years used to develop human character. Which is the foundation of any human success. For example, honesty, ethics, manner, and moral values , etc. For this, from developing our outer personality, we have to develop our character and ourselves from within.
In this book summary, Here are two circles. The first is the “circle of concern”. Where do those things come that we can’t control? For example, how is the weather, what do people think about us, politics, economy, etc? The second circle is the “circle of influence”.
Where all the things that we can control such as our attitudes, choices, decisions, what we do in our free time, our habits, hobbies, etc. The author says that there are two ways to survive. We can be reactive or proactive. Reactive people carry out their life circle according to concern.
This means that they complain about things that are not under their control. And they do not act on those that are under their control. Do not take responsibility. And all the blame falls on one’s own destiny or on other people. Reacts before thinking in any situation.
And proactive people are the exact opposite of them. Their life revolves around the circle of influence. They know that their life is the result of their decision. Not the result of their fate. Proactive people never complain about things that are out of their control. They take responsibility for all the things they can change. And be able to work proactively.
Begin with the end of mind-
Wherever we want to go in life, we need to have a map of what we want to achieve. Where will be the goal of our life, what is the destination? And what plans do we have to reach that destination? Most people have no purpose in life. They only see the lives of others. Who is happiest and diameter follows them?
This is why the author says that we need to have a purpose in life which is our end goal. Without the end goal, we hand over control of our life to others. If we have no purpose in life, then we need to think about how people will remember us, what value we are adding to this world. If we ask ourselves these questions, we will know about our end goal. And I will start taking action to achieve them.
Put First Things First-
We have to take continuous actions to turn our vision into reality. Avoid distractions and focus on the end goal. And here, we challenge our daily routine and habits. What is most important for us at this time – education, relationships, or health.
And are we able to give maximum time and effort to the important things of our life? Or I am wasting time on idle work. For this we put first things first- this habit must be added to our life. To develop this habit, we give the most effort in our important work every day. For example, our studies are not going smoothly.
At this time our no.1 priority should be our education. You have to make a daily routine, you have to follow it, you have to attend classes regularly. But none of us do that. Laziness makes my condition worse. But when it becomes clear in our mind what is our ultimate goal then our goal becomes more important than all our other work.
Most of us think that if one of the two people wins, the other must lose. Which the author calls a win-lose relationship. Most people’s mentality is like that. Harms others for one’s own benefit. To make oneself big is to make others small. The author says that we have to give up this win-lose mentality and complete win-win mentality. In a Win-Win mentality, we think about how we can help others. So that we also benefit.
Seek First To Understand, Then To Be Understood-
The author was having trouble dealing with his son once. They would talk but to no avail. He would not listen to anything. The author went to one of his friends with this problem and said- “I can’t explain to my son. He doesn’t listen to me”. Hearing this, his friend said, “Your son doesn’t listen to you. That’s why you don’t understand him.
I think you have to listen and understand him to understand him.” Most people know that we have to listen to the first in order to understand others. But no one can implement this. Because we think the man on the other side thinks of us. Let everyone agree on what we are saying. But we forget that everyone in this world has a personal experience.
This is why everyone has different perceptions. So no matter how hard we try, no one will be the same as us. So it is foolish to think of someone as your own. Rather we need to understand their perception by listening to them. We have to make them feel that if I had been in his place, I would have felt the same way. This is called the author “Empathetic Listening”. Where people do not pretend to listen but try to listen to the person in front.
And people have to improve themselves from different knowledge and experience. For example, the CEOs of all the big companies keep some field experts with them. So that they can all grow that company together. Similarly, highly effective people know that we alone cannot achieve much. For this, we have to try to improve ourselves by having a good relationship with everyone.
Sharpening The Saw-
The 7 Habits Of Highly Effective People – Book Summary. Building all these 6 habits is like cutting a tree. It takes a lot of hard work. But an ax needs to be sharp to cut a tree. If you want to build these 6 habits – our 4
Areas need to be improved – physical, spiritual, mental health, social.